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Labour Day

International Labour Day: It’s Origin and History

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Hello everyone, I am K. Prakash welcomes to Twinkle Talks. In this article we have the details of International Labour Day, it’s origin and history.

Labour Day Introduction:

Labour Day, also known as May Day, is celebrated in India on May 1st every year. It is a public holiday that honors the contributions and achievements of the working class. It is celebrated in many countries around the world, including the United States, Canada, and many countries in Europe and Asia. Labor Day is a day dedicated to celebrating the contributions and achievements of workers worldwide.

The Fascinating History Behind Labour Day: 

Haymarket affair:

The Haymarket Affair was a significant event in American labour history that took place in Chicago in 1886. Here are 10 points that summarize the key aspects of the event:

  1. On May 1, 1886, thousands of workers in Chicago began a general strike demanding an eight-hour workday.
  2. On May 3, police clashed with striking workers at the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company, leaving several workers dead and injured.
  3. On May 4, a peaceful rally was held at Haymarket Square to protest the police violence. The rally was attended by around 3,000 people, including many anarchists.
  4. As the rally was ending, a bomb was thrown at police officers, killing one and injuring several others.
  5. The police responded by firing into the crowd, killing and injuring many people.
  6. The incident became known as the Haymarket Riot and sparked a wave of anti-labour and anti-immigrant sentiment in the country.
  7. Eight anarchist leaders were arrested and charged with conspiracy to commit murder.
  8. The trial of the Haymarket Eight was widely criticized for its lack of evidence and bias against the defendants.
  9. Despite the lack of evidence, seven of the eight defendants were found guilty and four were executed.
  10. The Haymarket affair became a symbol of the struggle for workers’ rights and the fight against the unjust treatment of Labour unions.

This movement helped to galvanize the labour movement in the United States and led to the establishment of May 1 as International Workers’ Day in many countries.

The First celebration in India:

Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan:

  • The first Labour Day celebration in India took place on May 1, 1923.
  • The event was organized by the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan in Chennai (formerly Madras) and aimed to address workers’ rights, particularly in industries such as textile mills.
  • The party was led by Comrade Singaravelar, a prominent labour leader.

The Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC):

  • The Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC), which was formed in 1947, played a significant role in promoting the rights of workers and organizing Labour Day celebrations.

Significance and celebrations in India:

  • Labour Day is a public holiday in India, and various events and rallies are organized across the country to commemorate the achievements and struggles of the working class.
  • Trade unions, workers’ associations, and other labour organizations use this day to highlight workers’ issues, raise awareness about labour rights, and demand fair treatment and improved working conditions.

Some Important Labour Laws in India:

There are several important labour laws enshrined in the Indian constitution, aimed at protecting the rights of workers and ensuring fair labour practices. Here are some of the key labour laws in India:

The Factories Act, 1948: This law regulates the working conditions in factories and ensures the health, safety, and welfare of workers.

The Mines Act, 1952: This law regulates the working conditions in mines and ensures the health, safety, and welfare of workers.

The Minimum Wages Act, 1948: This law ensures that workers are paid a minimum wage for their work and prevents employers from exploiting them.

The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965: This law ensures that workers receive a bonus payment based on their performance and the profits of the company.

The Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952: This law ensures that workers receive a provident fund and other benefits such as pensions, insurance, and medical care.

The Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948: This law provides workers with insurance and medical benefits in case of injury, illness, or disability.

The Trade Union Act, 1926: This law allows workers to form unions and protect their rights through collective bargaining.

The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947: This law regulates the settlement of industrial disputes and provides for mechanisms such as conciliation, arbitration, and adjudication.

These Labour laws play a crucial role in protecting the rights of workers and ensuring that they are treated fairly and justly in the workplace.

The Merits and Demerits of Digitalization in workers Life:

In this digital era, workers are exposed to both merits and demerits. Let’s explore some of them:

The Merits of Workers in the Digital Era:

  • Increased Efficiency: Digital tools and technologies have revolutionized the way we work, allowing workers to be more efficient and productive. Tasks that once took hours can now be completed in minutes, thanks to automation and digital workflows.
  • Flexibility: With the rise of remote work and flexible schedules, workers have the opportunity to achieve a better work-life balance. They can choose when and where they work, leading to increased job satisfaction and overall well-being.
  • Access to Information: The internet provides a vast amount of information at our fingertips. Workers can quickly access knowledge and resources, enabling them to stay updated, learn new skills, and make informed decisions.
  • Collaboration and Communication: Digital tools such as email, instant messaging, and video conferencing have made collaboration easier than ever before. Workers can connect with colleagues and clients globally, facilitating seamless communication and fostering teamwork.
  • Remote Work Opportunities: The digital era has opened up new possibilities for remote work, eliminating geographical barriers. This allows workers to access job opportunities from anywhere in the world, providing greater flexibility and expanding employment options.

Demerits of Workers in the Digital Era:

  • Information Overload: With the abundance of information available online, workers can easily become overwhelmed. Constant notifications, emails, and social media distractions can hinder productivity and lead to burnout if not managed effectively.
  • Work-Life Balance Challenges: While remote work offers flexibility, it can blur the boundaries between work and personal life. Workers may find it challenging to disconnect from work, leading to longer working hours and potential stress or exhaustion.
  • Technological Dependency: Reliance on digital tools and technology can create vulnerabilities. Technical issues, cyber threats, and data breaches pose risks to workers’ productivity, privacy, and security. Workers need to be vigilant and stay updated on best practices to mitigate these risks.
  • Skills Gap and Job Insecurity: The digital era has brought about rapid technological advancements, leading to a demand for new skills. Workers who are unable to adapt or upskill may face job insecurity due to automation and outsourcing. There is a need for continuous learning to stay relevant in the evolving job market.
  • Social Isolation: Despite the benefits of remote work, it can also lead to social isolation. Lack of face-to-face interaction with colleagues may hinder relationship building, team cohesion, and a sense of belonging, impacting workers’ mental well-being.

Overall, the digital era has transformed the workplace, offering numerous advantages to workers. However, it is crucial to address the challenges and find ways to leverage technology while maintaining a healthy work environment.


  • International Workers Day is a time to celebrate the contributions and achievements of workers around the world.
  • However, it is also a time to reflect on the challenges and opportunities that workers face in the digital age. As technology continues to shape the labor landscape, it is important to ensure that workers are equipped with the skills and knowledge they need to thrive in the changing job market.
  • Governments, employers, workers, and educators must work together to develop policies and programs that support workers and promote a fair and inclusive labor market.
  • By doing so, we can create a future of work that is not only technologically advanced but also equitable and just for all.

Happy International Workers Day!

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